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What is the population of Japan?

As of July 2003, Japan had a population of 127.7 million, eighth largest in the world after China, India, the United States, Indonesia, Brazil, Russia and Pakistan.
Small in size, Japan has a high population density of 336 people per km2.
Compared with the United States, where population density stands at only 29 people per km2, it may seem that there are too many people in Japan wherever one goes.