What was the Showa period like after the end of World War ll?
After Japan ｗas defeated, the country was placed under the allied forces, while reforms that included the creation of a new constitution, agrarian and educational reforms, dissolution of zaibatsu, and abolition of the Japanese traditional family system were carried out.
The new Constitution ruled that sovereignty lies with the citizens and that the emperor serves as a symbol of the nation.
Article 9 of the Constitution forbids Japan from possessing arms, although a self-defense force was later formed.
Under aerarian reform, the tenant farmer system was abolished and the farms held by landlords were distributed to the farmers.
With educational reform, a coeducational system was instigated and six years of elementary school and three years of junior high school were made compulsory.
The abolition of the family system freed children from the old clan bondage, nuclear families became the norm, and women obtained the freedom to choose marriage partners.
In June 1951, Japan signed the San Francisco Peace Treaty with 48 countries, none of which were from the Communist bloc, thus leading to the end of allied occupation.
At this same time, Japan also concluded the United States-Japan Security Treaty.
Japan's postwar economic rehabilitation has involved difficulties, but the Japanese economy became stronger with America's support, a stable exchange rate of 360 yen to the dollar, and the prosperity resulting from the war boom during the Korean War in the 1950s.
The GNP of Japan grew nine percent every year from 1955 to 1960.
Due to a high level of engineering skill, Japan became a major exporter of various products such as ships, TVs, and automobiles, and in the 1970s and 1980s Japanese exports rose sharply.
Pressure from abroad to exercise self-restraint in exports mounted, but Japan's trade surplus kept rising, especially with the United States.
As for politics, the Liberal-Democratic Party has maintained a monopolistic grip on power, but the high economic growth rate has brought about various problems such as pollution and destruction of the environment.
And culturally, this was a period when all sorts of fads from America and Europe were introduced, and almost overnight the country became westernized.
Powered by the strong econoｍy, the economic "bubble" began to form in 1986.
Land prices rose to exorbitant levels and, with the country, in a state of euphoria, the Emperor Showa passed away in January 1989, making room for the new Heisei period.