What was the Heian period like?
At the end of the eighth century, the capital was moved to present-day Kyoto, which remained Japan's capital for over 1,000 years.
The Heian period designates a span of roughly 400 years until the 12th century.
Continuing from the Nara period, aristocrats under the emperor held actual power and controlled the government; but at the same time. powerful clans from a variety of regions expanded their private landholdings and became unified and militarized in order to protect themselves from war with neighboring regions.
Eventually, the Taira clan was able to grasp full political control.
It was a harbinger of the age of the warrior that was soon to follow.
In the cultural sphere, Japan was able to move away from its reliance on imitating and assimilating Tang culture and proceeded to forge a culture thai incorporated a distinct Japanese spirit and sensitivity.
Due to the development and spread of hiragana and katakana, world-renowned literary works such as the Tale of Genji by Murasaki Shikibu and Makura no Soshi bv Seishonagon were created during this period.