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What are the distinguishing features of Japanese?

First of all, regarding its pronunciation, Japanese consists primarily of syllables which. with the exception of ん ("n"), are made up of single vowels and consonant-vowel pairs.

tokei (a clock, a watch) → to-ke-i
watakushi (I, my. me) → wa-ta-ku-shi
genki(vigor, cheerful) → gen-ki

Japanese has no strong stress accent like that of English but rather has a high -low pitch accent, such that when pronouncing the word Yokohama, the "Yo" sound is relatively low, while "kohama" is pronounced at a slightly higher pitch.
However, this accent system is not applied uniformly throughout Japan, as seen in the regional variations between eastern and western Japan.
There are also many words that vary by region as well.
The Japanese vocabulary consists of native words, wago or yamato kotoba, words adopted from Chinese, and in the modern period, katakana words that express foreign loan words.

The basic sentence structure is as follows:
(1) Subject + Complement + Predicate
He + university student + is.
(2) Subject + Object + Predicate
I + ice cream + ate.

As long as the predicate comes at the end of the sentence, and the modifier always precedes the subordinate modifier, the arrangement of words is relatively free.
Like Korean, but in contrast to English, Japanese has highly developed polite forms.
Another feature is that spoken Japanese has distinctive male and female patterns of speech.